Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte has won the very public political battle with Matteo Salvini after he was reconfirmed by a newly formed coalition between the Democratic Party (PD) and the Five Star Movement (M5S).
Salvini has been a chief cause of tension in the Mediterranean, closing off all ports to NGO migrant rescue vessels, and engaging in an aggressive tone against neighbours like Malta.
The coalition between M5S and Salvini’s Lega collapsed after the latter left the government, in what was seen as a power move to spur on elections as their popularity grows.
After the fall, it was former PD prime minister Matteo Renzi who reached out to M5S, arguing that snap elections would be a disaster for Italy.
Obstacles do remain, especially in terms of Deputy Prime Minister and M5S leader Luigi Di Maio.
PD believes that the role should belong to them, in order to prove that this government is a break from the former.
A major stumbling block is the Rousseau vote, an M5S statute which means that all members have a vote in major party decisions.
PD, an establishment that sporadically ruled Italy for the better part of two decades, is still viewed as the enemy by some M5S members.
Conflicting stances on migration could be an issue. While Conte is firmly against any sort of open policy, PD’s Renzi brokered a deal while he was PM that saw the majority of migrants found in the Mediterranean search and rescue zone go to Italy.